Cummins Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2020 Results

Columbus, Ind.
Cummins Corporate Office Building (COB)

Fourth quarter revenues of $5.8 billion; GAAP1 Net Income of $501 million 

Fourth quarter EBITDA of 14.4 percent; Diluted EPS of $3.36

Full year revenues of $19.8 billion; GAAP1 Net Income of $1.8 billion

EBITDA for the full year was 15.7 percent of sales; Diluted EPS of $12.01

The company expects full year 2021 revenues to be up 8 to 12 percent, EBITDA expected to be in the range of 15.0 to 15.5 percent 

Cummins Inc. (NYSE: CMI) today reported results for the fourth quarter of 2020.

Fourth quarter revenues of $5.8 billion increased 5 percent from the same quarter in 2019. Sales in North America were flat while international revenues increased 12 percent driven by strong demand in China truck and construction markets as well as the growth in new product sales in India. 

Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (EBITDA) in the fourth quarter were $837 million (14.4 percent of sales), compared to $682 million (12.2 percent of sales) excluding restructuring a year ago. Fourth quarter EBITDA included $36 million of expenses associated with reorganization activities and facility closures primarily driven by transformation initiatives in our Distribution segment.

Net income attributable to Cummins in the fourth quarter was $501 million ($3.36 per diluted share) compared to $390 million ($2.56 per diluted share) excluding restructuring in 2019. The tax rate in the fourth quarter was 19.7 percent.

Revenues for the full year were $19.8 billion, 16 percent lower than 2019. Sales in North America declined 21 percent and international revenues declined 7 percent. Sales declined in all major regions except China, where demand for trucks and construction equipment reached record levels. 

“We faced many challenges in 2020 driven by the severe global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.” said Chairman and CEO Tom Linebarger. “I want to thank all of our employees for their dedication to our company and our customers as they adjusted to the unprecedented slowdown in the global economy and then responded as demand accelerated sharply in the second half of the year, all while facing significant disruption to their daily routines at work and home.” 

EBITDA for the year was $3.1 billion (15.7 percent of sales) compared to $3.7 billion (15.8 percent of sales) excluding restructuring in 2019.

Net income attributable to Cummins for the full year was $1.8 billion ($12.01 per diluted share), compared to net income of $2.4 billion ($15.05 per diluted share) excluding restructuring in 2019. The tax rate for 2020 was 22.5 percent. 

2021 Outlook:
Based on the current forecast, Cummins projects full year 2021 revenues to be up 8 to 12 percent, and EBITDA to be in the range of 15.0 and 15.5 percent of sales. We expect revenues to increase in all regions and major markets except China where we expect demand to moderate after a record year in 2020. 

“Current indicators point to improving demand in a number of key regions and markets in 2021. However, significant uncertainty remains, requiring continued strong focus on managing costs and cash flow as our markets continue to recover around the world. We are still operating under a pandemic with extreme safety measures in place and our suppliers and customers are doing the same. This is presenting challenges to global supply chains as our industry responds to rising demand across multiple end markets. Having effectively managed through an extremely challenging 2020, Cummins is in a strong position to keep investing in future growth while continuing to return cash to shareholders.” said Chairman and CEO Tom Linebarger. 

The company plans to return 75 percent of Operating Cash Flow to shareholders in the form of dividends and share repurchases.
2020 Highlights:

  • The Company announced the creation of the Cummins Advocates for Racial Equity Group to focus on police reform, criminal justice, social justice, and economic empowerment of Black people in the United States.
  • Cummins increased its cash dividend for the 11th straight year and returned a total of $1.4 billion to shareholders in the form of dividends and share repurchases.
  • In response to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Company used its filter technology to provide 146 tons of filtration media to mask manufacturers across the globe, which has been used to produce more than 108 million masks.
  • The Company established a joint venture called NPROXX to provide hydrogen storage tank solutions to customers in multiple applications including rail, truck, bus, and other on-highway applications to advance the adoption of hydrogen-based technologies.
  • In November of 2020, Cummins was named to the S&P Dow Jones Sustainability Indices for North America, one of the premier measures of corporate sustainability, for a 15th consecutive year.
  • Cummins is one of 21 companies named a “Culture Champion” in October 2020 by a partnership between the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Glassdoor, one of the world’s leading recruiting websites. The Company receives high marks for creating cultures of integrity and respect while ranking first in the study’s category for promoting a diverse and inclusive workplace culture.

1Generally Accepted Accounting Principles in the U.S.

View the full Q4 2020 Earnings Release

Forward-looking disclosure statement

Information provided in this release that is not purely historical are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding our forecasts, guidance, preliminary results, expectations, hopes, beliefs and intentions on strategies regarding the future. These forward-looking statements include, without limitation, statements relating to our plans and expectations for our revenues and EBITDA. Our actual future results could differ materially from those projected in such forward-looking statements because of a number of factors, including, but not limited to: an extended shutdown or reduction of our operations, substantially reduced sales volumes or supply constraints due to the coronavirus outbreak; any adverse results of our internal review into our emissions certification process and compliance with emissions standards; increased scrutiny from regulatory agencies, as well as unpredictability in the adoption, implementation and enforcement of emissions standards around the world; a sustained slowdown or significant downturn in our markets; product recalls; the development of new technologies that reduce demand for our current products and services; policy changes in international trade; a slowdown in infrastructure development and/or depressed commodity prices; the U.K.'s decision to end its membership in the European Union (EU); lower than expected acceptance of new or existing products or services; supply shortages and supplier financial risk, particularly from any of our single-sourced suppliers; changes in the engine outsourcing practices of significant customers; our plan to reposition our portfolio of product offerings through exploration of strategic acquisitions and divestitures and related uncertainties of entering such transactions; exposure to potential security breaches or other disruptions to our information technology systems and data security; aligning our capacity and production with our demand; challenges or unexpected costs in completing cost reduction actions and restructuring initiatives; a major customer experiencing financial distress; failure to realize expected results from our investment in Eaton Cummins Automated Transmission Technologies joint venture; political, economic and other risks from operations in numerous countries; competitor activity; increasing competition, including increased global competition among our customers in emerging markets; foreign currency exchange rate changes; variability in material and commodity costs;  the actions of, and income from, joint ventures and other investees that we do not directly control; changes in taxation; global legal and ethical compliance costs and risks; product liability claims; increasingly stringent environmental laws and regulations; future bans or limitations on the use of diesel-powered products; the price and availability of energy; the performance of our pension plan assets and volatility of discount rates; labor relations; our sales mix of products; protection and validity of our patent and other intellectual property rights; the outcome of pending and future litigation and governmental proceedings; continued availability of financing, financial instruments and financial resources in the amounts, at the times and on the terms required to support our future business; and other risks detailed from time to time in our SEC filings, including particularly in the Risk Factors section of our 2019 Annual Report on Form 10-K and Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q.  Shareholders, potential investors and other readers are urged to consider these factors carefully in evaluating the forward-looking statements and are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements made herein are made only as of the date of this press release and we undertake no obligation to publicly update any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise. More detailed information about factors that may affect our performance may be found in our filings with the SEC, which are available at or at in the Investor Relations section of our website.

About Cummins Inc.

Cummins Inc., a global power leader, is a corporation of complementary business segments that design, manufacture, distribute and service a broad portfolio of power solutions. The company’s products range from diesel, natural gas, electric and hybrid powertrains and powertrain-related components including filtration, aftertreatment, turbochargers, fuel systems, controls systems, air handling systems, automated transmissions, electric power generation systems, batteries, electrified power systems, hydrogen generation and fuel cell products. Headquartered in Columbus, Indiana (U.S.), since its founding in 1919, Cummins employs approximately 57,800 people committed to powering a more prosperous world through three global corporate responsibility priorities critical to healthy communities: education, environment and equality of opportunity. Cummins serves its customers online, through a network of company-owned and independent distributor locations, and through thousands of dealer locations worldwide and earned about $1.8 billion on sales of $19.8 billion in 2020. Learn more at

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